Русский язык при описании погоды предполагает использование безличных предложений: мы говорим «солнечно», «пасмурно», «тепло». В английском же вам потребуется конструкция It is. Англичане говорят It is sunny (солнечно), It is cold (холодно).
Есть и другой способ описывать обстановку на улице: конструкция «The weather is…»:
- The weather is warm. – Погода теплая
- The weather is gloomy. – Погода хмурая.
Кстати, слово weather всегда употребляется с определенным артиклем the.
We get wet through when we are caught in a rainstorm without a coat. Sometimes we put on a sweater and then find that the weather has become hot. We do not always know what weather to expect.
On TV and radio there are daily weather forecasts. Sometimes, the forecast is not quite right as the weather is not an easy thing to forecast.
All day and night, weathermen are collecting information from ships, planes, weather stations, and space stations. With the help of this information, they can understand what the weather will be like during the next few days. As a result of the weathermen’s work we learn about the weather.
Although no two days will have exactly the same weather, some types of weather people can forecast. When a barometer shows high pressure, the weather will be calm. In winter it will be cold and frosty. In summer it usually means misty mornings and hot sunny days. When the barometer shows low pressure, look out for rain and strong winds.
There are four seasons in the year: winter, spring, summer and autumn. Every season has its fine days and is pleasant in its own way. As for me, I try to enjoy each season of the year. I like warm and beautiful days of early autumn. People often call this period «Indian Summer». In winter the trees are covered with white snow and look beautiful. Besides, winter is a time of joy. Winter holidays are always connected with presents, good mood, parties and a lot of fun. When spring comes, the air is full of freshness and aroma of flowers. Summer brings warmth and new joys.
The four seasons of the year are beautiful and pleasant. Summer is the most colourful season. There are a lot of flowers at this time. It is the best time to travel, to spend several weeks at the seaside or in a village. Autumn brings all kinds of fruits and vegetables. We may also enjoy some warm and pleasant days in September. Winter covers everything with glittering snow. Making a snowman and playing snowballs are among hobbies of many children and grown-ups. But everything and everyone waits impatiently for spring. Spring is the favourite season for many people.
There are four seasons. They are: winter, spring, summer, and autumn. Winter is a very cold season. There is usually much snow in winter. In spring the trees become green and birds sing. In summer it is hot. Summer is my favourite season. In autumn the weather is usually rainy. Schoolchildren go to school in September.
- How many seasons are there in a year?
- What are they?
- What can we do in winter? In summer? In autumn?
Weather is the most common topic for a small talk. If you barely know a person, talking about weather can fill in the pauses in your conversation when you both think of what to say next.
When the sky is clear and the sun is shining, we enjoy the warm and sunny day. If the wind is calm, you can go for a walk. If it is windy, you can launch a kite or ride a sailboat. This kind of weather is usual for late spring and summer. For example, we can say that it is abnormally hot or, on the contrary, we can say that the last time it was so cold in the summer of 1975. In some European regions, like Netherlands and Ireland, there are not many dry days. They say: “How to know if it is summer? The rain is warm.”
In Autumn, the weather changes from sunny and pleasant to cold, windy, and rainy very often. There is an old saying that “it rains cats and dogs”, but English people have not actually used it for a long time. You never can tell if the next day is going to be fine or misty, will the streets bask in the sunlight or be covered in haze.
The winter weather depends on the region. In Great Britain, there are four winter month, starting from November. Winter may be harsh or mild. The amount of snow is different from year to year. The sky is covered with clouds.
The beginning of spring is usually muddy, and wet, as the snow melts and rivers begin to flow strongly. Sometimes, it may result in a flood. Then nature wakes up from sleep and everyone is happy and optimistic. The weather is still very random — snow, rain, and sun may change every day, but it becomes warmer with time.